Première classe A1 Breakthrough

Pronunciation: elision and deletion

Lisez les paroles de la chanson. Dans chaque phrase, cliquez sur la lettre remplacée par l'apostrophe « ' ». Consultez l’aide.
Read the lyrics of the song. In each sentence, click on the letter that the apostrophe " ' " has replaced. Check the help section.
Cliquez sur la ou les bonnes réponses Help on how to respond the exercice

[1. Il faut qu'elle respire.]
[Letter that is replaced with the apostrophe :] a [-]e[-] i [-] u

[2. D'ici quelques années on aura consommé les feuilles.]
[Letter that is replaced with the apostrophe :] a [-]e[-] i [-] u

[3. Tes petits-enfants n'auront plus qu'un œil.]
[Letter that is replaced with the apostrophe :] a [-]e[-] i [-] u

[4. Pourquoi toi t'en as deux ?]
[Letter that is replaced with the apostrophe :] a [-] e [-] i [-]u

[5. Mais il n'y aura plus personne pour te laver les mains.]
[Letter that is replaced with the apostrophe :] a [-]e[-] i [-] u
nbOk correct item (s) selected
nbKo item (s) wrongly selected
nb item (s) still to be selected
Watch out !
Well done !
Published on 02/04/2013 - Modified on 13/12/2019

Pronunciation / Elision and Deletion

The elision

In French, it's difficult to hear the boundaries between words because the pronunciation of the final consonant of a word can be combined with the first vowel of the following word. 
In a group of words grammatically combined, the final vowel (most often "e," "a," sometimes "i," "u") of the first word is deleted before the word that begins with a vowel. The elided vowel is shown by writing an apostrophe: " ' ".
For pronunciation, the consonant that precedes the elided vowel forms a syllable with the vowel of the following word:

l'infirmier, l'infirmière, l'ophtalmologue, l’œil, l'oreille, l'homme, l'hôpital,...  un infirmier / une infirmière / un ophtalmologue / un œil / une oreille / un homme / un hôpital

But in the plural form:

les infirmiers, les infirmières, les ophtalmologues, les yeux, les oreilles, les hommes, les hôpitaux.

The elided vowel is most often an "e" (le, ce, me, je, te, se, ne, de, que, parce que, puisque, lorsque, jusque...), also an "a" (la) and an "i," in the structure si + il -> s'il.


In certain words that are used often, and only when spoken in an informal situation, vowels or consonants may be deleted.    - Deletion of [y] in "tu" before a vowel:

Tu en veux ? -> T'en veux ?

- Deletion of [l] in "il(s)":

"Il y a" > "Y a"

"Il n'y a rien" > "Y a rien"

"Il n'y a pas de chemin." > "Y a pas de chemin."

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