Première classe A1 Breakthrough

Grammar: present indicative

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PC-Voyages-Destination-Grammaire-Present-CaBougeRhoneAlpes-Video
1.  
Je me remets [/] {Je traverse la rivière} [/] Je retourne en parapente 2.  
{Les jeunes nagent dans l'Ardèche} [/] Les jeunes trouvent le Pont d'Arc [/] Ils descendent la rivière [/] {Ils admirent le Mont-Blanc} 3.  
Nous vivons des sensations fortes [/] {Nous rejoignons Grenoble} [/] Nous comprenons le système de pilotage [/] {Nous faisons du canoë} 4.  
Vous connaissez le musée ? [/] {Vous conduisez une Formule 1} [/] Vous ne finissez pas la visite
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Published on 05/12/2017 - Modified on 06/07/2018
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Voix off
Aujourd’hui, on passe la journée en Rhône-Alpes !

Combloux
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Un conseil, petit-déjeunez léger avant de prendre votre envol. Descente en parapente : le Mont Blanc en toile de fond… Planant, non ?
Le prof de parapente
C’est le plaisir à l’état pur. Qui n’a jamais rêvé de voler !
Une parapentiste
La sensation c’est… je me remets un petit peu et puis j’y retourne !

Grenoble
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Pour vous remettre de vos émotions, détour par le musée de Grenoble. Antiquités égyptiennes, chefs-d’oeuvre de Canaletto ou encore de Matisse, de quoi briller en société.

Lyon
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À l’heure du déjeuner, rejoignez Lyon, capitale de la région et deuxième ville de France. À l’Institut Lumière, le septième art est à l’honneur.
Karine Chièze, responsable visites groupes, Institut Lumière, Lyon
On associe souvent le cinéma à Hollywood, eh bien non, le cinéma, il a réellement été créé ici, à Lyon.
Voix off
Envie de sensations fortes, à Lyon, le pilote de Formule 1, c’est vous !

Ardèche
Voix off
Bon, levez le pied à votre arrivée en Ardèche, région nature par excellence...
Un jeune en canoë
L’Ardèche, c’est génial !
Voix off
Eh oui, l’Ardèche attire les jeunes, qui viennent bivouaquer aux bords des gorges et passer sous le célèbre Pont d’Arc.

Lyon
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À la nuit tombée, les noctambules rentreront faire la fête à Lyon sur les péniches branchées des quais du Rhône.
Eh oui, ça bouge en Rhône-Alpes !
Voice-over Today, we're spending the day in Rhône-Alpes!ComblouxVoice-over A tip: only have a light breakfast before taking off. Paragliding descent: Mont Blanc as a backdrop... Mind-blowing, isn't it?The paragliding teacher It's pure pleasure. Who has never dreamed of flying!A paraglider The sensation is... I'm going to recover a little and then go back to it!GrenobleVoice-over To recover from your emotions, make a detour by the Museum of Grenoble. Egyptian antiquities, masterpieces by Canaletto or by Matisse; you'll be able to shine in society.LyonVoice-over At lunch time, come over to Lyon, the capital of the region and second city of France. The seventh art takes centre stage at the Lumière Institute.Karine Chièze, head of group visits, Lumière Institute, Lyon Cinema is often associated with Hollywood. Well, no, actually, cinema was created here, in Lyon.Voice-over Craving thrills? In Lyon, you are a Formula 1 driver!ArdècheVoice-over Just take it easy when you arrive in Ardèche, the ultimate natural region...A young man in a canoe Ardèche is awesome!Voice-over Well, yes, Ardèche attracts young people, who come to camp by the gorges and to pass under the famous Pont d'Arc.LyonVoice-over At nightfall, night owls will go back to Lyon to party on the trendy barges docked along the quays of the Rhone. Yes, we have fun in Rhône-Alpes!

Grammar / The present indicative

Use: the present tense (or present indicative) is used to describe something that is happening as you are speaking, right now, today.   Verbs can be organised into 4 collections.Collection 1: infinitives ending in -er
1 stem inferred from the infinitive.
All verbs (+/- 8000) with infinitives ending in "-er" (exception: aller) and 12 verbs ending in "-ir", like ouvrir.Pass-er
Je pass e
Tu pass es
Il/Elle/On pass e
Nous pass ons
Vous pass ez
Ils/Elles pass ent
Collection 2
2 stems inferred from the infinitive.
In the singular ("je", "tu", "il/elle/on") the short stem is obtained by deducting 3 letters from the infinitive. In the plural ("nous", "vous", "ils/elles") the long stem is obtained by deducting 2 letters from the infinitive.
15 verbs ending in "–ir" like sortir, partir, 6 verbs ending in "-vre" like suivre, and 14 verbs ending in "-ttre", like mettre.Sor-tir
Je sor s
Tu sor s
Il/Elle/On sor t
Nous sort ons
Vous sort ez
Ils/Elles sort ent
Collection 3
2 stems. The 1st stem inferred from the infinitive is used in the singular. The 2nd stem adds a sound to stem 1. It is used in the plural.
Plural formed with "-ss-": 250 verbs ending in "-ir" like finir and 13 verbs ending in "-aître", like connaître
Plural formed with "-s-": verbs ending in "-(u)ire", likelire
Plural formed with "-v-": verbs ending in "-crire", like écrire
Plural formed with "-gn-": verbs ending in "-indre".Fin-ir
Je fini s  
Tu fini s  
Il/Elle/On fini t  
Nous fini ss ons
Vous fini ss ez
Ils/Elles fini ss ent
Collection 4
3 stems. In the singular ("je", "tu", and "il/elle/on") the short stem is a new form.
For "nous" and "vous" the 2nd stem is inferred from the infinitive.
For "ils" and "elles", the 3rd stem often puts together the stem of the singular and the consonant added for "nous" and "vous".
Venir, tenir and their derivatives
Verbs ending in "-cevoir", like recevoir
Verbs formed with "-eu-" in the singular like pouvoir
Prendre and its derivatives
Boire, s’asseoirCompren-dre
Je comprend s  
Tu comprend s  
Il/Elle/On comprend    
Nous compren ons  
Vous compren ez  
Ils/Elles compren nn ent

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