Première classe A1 Breakthrough

Culture(s): eating habits

Regardez la vidéo et lisez les phrases. Pour chaque phrase, cochez la bonne colonne. Consultez l'aide pour faire l'exercice.
Watch the video and read the sentences. For each sentence, check the correct column. Check the help section in order to do the exercise.
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PC-Repas-Preparer-Culture-ManiereManger-SenegalTieboudienne-Video
You use cutlery to eat your food.
In FranceIn Senegal
The centre of the dish is the adults' share.
En FranceAu Sénégal
You usually eat with your hands.
En FranceAu Sénégal
You don't pass food using your hands or a utensil you've already eaten with.
En FranceAu Sénégal
Adults can help themselves from the dish.
En France Au Sénégal
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Conception: Geneviève Briet, Université catholique de Louvain
Published on 02/06/2013 - Modified on 10/12/2019
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Moussa
On mange souvent avec les mains, bon, sinon ce n'est pas une obligation. Seulement avant de manger, il faut se rincer les mains d'abord en attendant que la dame emmène le plat sur place. Et ensuite, vous commencez à manger avec les mains. On prend le riz et on presse un tout petit peu en y ajoutant des légumes, du poisson, si vous voulez du piment, vous mettez un peu de piment, c'est comme ça. Et tu manges à la main. On demande souvent aux enfants, aux petits enfants de ne pas toucher le milieu du plat. Le milieu du plat est réservé aux grands, aux parents, aux grands-parents ou aux parents. C'est à eux maintenant. Surtout la maman, c'est elle qui doit toucher le milieu du plat pour servir le poisson à tous ceux qui sont autour du plat.
Moussa People often eat with their hands, but you don't have to. Only before you eat, you have to rinse your hands before the lady brings the dish out. Then, you can start eating with your hands. You take the rice in your hand and press it a little, adding vegetables and fish, and if you want hot pepper, you add a bit of hot pepper, that's the way it is. And you eat with your hands. We usually tell the children and grandchildren not to touch the centre of the dish. The centre of the dish is meant for the adults, parents, grandparents, or parents. It's their turn now. Especially the mother, she must be the one to touch the centre of the dish to serve the fish to those grouped around the dish.

Culture(s) / Eating habits

In your country, in your culture, do you eat with your fingers? Does this apply to all food, or just some? Are you allowed to use your left hand? Do you use spoons, forks, knives, chopsticks? Who brings out the meal? Who serves the food? Do the children eat with the adults? Who is served first? Which is the best helping? Can you touch someone else's food with your own utensils or fingers? Are you expected to wait for a cue from a specific person to start eating, or can you start as soon as you have your plate? What you traditionally eat your food with varies greatly from one French-speaking country to the next: you use forks, knives and spoons in countries like France, spoons and forks in countries like Laos, chopsticks in countries like Vietnam, and your hands in countries like Senegal. You hold the fork in your left hand to spear your food and the knife in your right hand, but when you are not using the knife, the fork goes in your right hand. In France, when artichokes are served whole, it is customary to eat them with your fingers, and the same rule applies to asparagus. The French are very fond of certain table customs. Traditionally, the hostess brings out the dishes, but things have changed: today - is fairly commonplace for the man to cook and bring the dishes out in Western French-speaking countries. In France, meals are an important family moment, where everyone comes together to eat. Adults can usually help themselves from the main dish, but when among family or friends, usually a single person serves the others at the table. To help yourself from a dish, you use the serving spoon and fork to set out with that dish. You don't pass food using your hands or a utensil you've already eaten with. Before eating, you must wait for everyone to be served, and for your hosts to begin eating. If you need to reach in front of someone to pass a dish or an object, it is good manners/polite to say: "excuse me." When you have finished eating, you set your cutlery down on your plate side by side.

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