« i » as in:
J, X, 6 (six), 10 (dix).
You pronounce the French "i" by putting your tongue slightly more forward. You have to smile, keep your mouth mostly closed, and hold the position for as long as you pronounce the "i".
The [i] sound can be spelled like so:
i : remplis, Lamartine, bilingue, Bulgarie, depuis
y : lycée, pays (an exception)
« è » as in:
F, L, M, N, S, Z, 7 (sept), 13 (treize), 16 (seize)
You pronounce the French "è" by pressing your tongue against the lower incisors. You must also have an open-mouthed smile.
The [ɛ] sound can be spelled like so:
è : élève
ê : être
ei : j’enseigne, treize, seize
ai : français, pays (an exception)
e in a closed syllable: je m’appelle, sept, quel, quelle
e followed by a silent consonant that is not "r-d-f-z": les, c’est, tu es, tes
In words such as: professeur, profession, erreur