In French, your voice does not break off between each word. French-speakers can easily pronounce 6 syllables in a row without pause.
All the words used in expressing a single idea are pronounced in a single breath: we call this the rhythmic group. The voice does not stop while pronouncing this group.
You don't pronounce the "e" at the end of a word:
une banane [yn banan].
If the following word starts with a vowel, you link the two words together without pause:
When you have two consecutive vowels (other than "e"), you pronounce them both and you link them; you don't pause: this is how you link vowels from word to word:
Tu_as volé_une orange.
A consonant is a sound you create by modifying the way air passes through your mouth: you can block the air flow and suddenly release it again (in French, this is how you say the following letters b, c, d, g, k, m, n, p, q, t) or reduce the air flow (f, ch, j, l, r, s, v, w, x, z).
In French, a vowel is a sound you create by making your vocal cords vibrate. French vowels are represented by the letters a, e, i, o, u, y, as well as letter combinations such as (e)au, ai, ei, in, ein, ain, on, un, oi, ou... Generally, the vowel is the focus in a syllable.