Pronunciation / The final consonant is often silent

A1 Breakthrough
Share
There are no explicit rules for when pronouncing or not the final consonant in French.

We do not pronounce the "r” in the ending "er”, such as in "loyer”, "garder”, but it is pronounced it in the word "mer” and in verbs ending with "-ir” with the infinitive form "dormir”, "sortir”.

In general, we do not pronounce the final consonant of words ending with "d”, "p”, "s”, "t”. Memorize the word "DePoSiTo” which contains these consonants.
 
Audio file
grand
Audio file

mois

Audio file
trop
Audio file
petit

The final consonant of an adjective is pronounced before a vowel. It is called the liaison:
Audio file
un petit appartement.


Pronouncing the “ s ” at the end of "plus ”

We do not pronounce the "s” at the end of "plus”:
 
- before a word starting with a consonant:
Audio file
Ce logement est plus [ply] petit.
- in the expression "ne... plus ”:
Audio file
Ce logement n’est plus [ply] à louer.

We pronounce the "s” at the end of "plus”:

- before a word starting with a vowel:
Audio file
Ce logement est plus [plyz] original.
-  in the expression "plus de”:
Audio file
Ce logement a plus [plys] de pièces.
- for the plus” sign in mathematics (+). We pronounce [s] before a consonant and [z] before a vowel.
Audio file
Il faut un bureau plus [plys] deux chambres.
Audio file
Ce logement compte deux pièces plus [plyz] une.
 

Practical exercises

Pronunciation: The final consonant is often silent

A1
6 exercises
Look • Listen • Pronunciation (silent letters / silent final consonants)