Grammar / The perfect tense of verbs ending in -er

A1 Breakthrough
Present tenseInfinitivePerfect tense
I'm doing the action right now.
  It's done!
The action is completed.
Je clique.

Tu sélectionnes.

Il réserve.

Nous cherchons.

Vous organisez.

Elles préparent.





J’ai cliqué.

Tu as sélectionné.

Il a réservé.

Nous avons cherché.

Vous avez organisé.

Elles ont préparé.
The perfect tense is used to tell about an action or event that is completed, that is in the past at the time you are speaking.
How it is formed
The perfect tense (or compound past) is a compound of two words:
- avoir (for almost every verb) or être (for reflexive verbs and the following 17 verbs: "aller, arriver, entrer, rentrer, rester, retourner, tomber, monter ; descendre ; partir, sortir ; venir, devenir, revenir; naitre, mourir, passer par" -- note that you can memorised them with the acronym "DR & MRS VANDER TRAMPP") in the present tense;
- a form derived from the stem of the verb called the past participle.
Example: cliquer > cliqu + é = cliqué for the 8000 infinitives ending in "-er".

Practical exercises

Grammar: -er ending verbs in the past tense

4 exercises
Read • Grammar (verbs / present perfect)