Grammar / Agreement and position of adjectives

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Do you like grammar? Learn everything there is to know about adjectives, their agreement and position in a sentence.
 
The agreement of adjectives

The qualitative adjective designates the quality of a noun.

Examples:

Un café noir
A black coffee
 
Une grande maison
A big house

The adjective agrees in gender (masculine or feminine) and number (singular or plural) with the noun it qualifies.

Masculine singular

Feminine singular

Un petit garçon
Une petite fille

 Masculine plural

Feminine plural

Des petits garçons

 
Des petites filles

 

Masculine singular

Feminine singular
+ “e

Masculine plural
+ “s

Feminine plural
+ “es

ancien
former
ancienne anciens anciennes
bas
low
basse bas basses
cassé
broken
cassée cassés cassées
intéressant
interesting
intéressante intéressants intéressantes
grand
big
grande grands grandes
petit
small
petite petits petites
premier
first
première premiers premières
rouge
red
rouge rouges rouges
sale
dirty
sale sales sales
       
beau
beautiful
belle beaux belles
original
original
originale originaux originales
vieux
old
vieille vieux vieilles

 
Position of adjectives

There is no simple rule that determines the position of adjectives.

Most of the adjectives are placed after the noun, including adjectives that indicate colour, form, religion and nationality.
Un livre intéressant, des pommes vertes, une église catholique, des tables rondes, des femmes heureuses.

Generally, the short adjectives, such as beau, joli, double, jeune, vieux, petit, grand, gros, mauvais, demi, bon, nouveau, are placed before the noun.

Some adjectives can be placed before or after the noun. The meaning changes.

Examples: 
Un homme pauvre (who is not rich) ≠ Le pauvre homme (a man to be pitied).
Une curieuse histoire (a strange story) ≠ Une femme curieuse (an indiscreet woman).

Practical exercises

manifestation

Arménie : un douloureux chemin vers la paix

A2
4 exercises
Listen • Grammar (characterization / adjectives - agreement)

Grammar: Noun-adjective agreement and the place of adjectives

A1
5 exercises
Look • Listen • Grammar (characterization / masculine / feminine, characterization / adjectives - agreement)